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Motor Reversing Switches
By Tim Surtell
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In a typical model of a crane, there may be three motors which need to be controlled independently; one motor that rotates the jib, another that raises and lowers the jib, and another that raises and lowers the hook.

Each motor can be controlled by a switch that has three positions for forwards, off, and reverse.  Switches of this type are called Double Pole Double Throw (DPDT) switches with centre-off position.

Types of DPDT Switch

DPDT switches are available in 'toggle' or 'slide' types, as shown in the picture below.  Both types have six connections - three for each pole of the switch.

A DPDT toggle switchA DPDT slide switch

The ideal switch for this application (a crane) would have a momentary, or non-locking, action - it would automatically switch back to the centre-off position after the operator has released the switch.  These switches are normally a little more expensive.

Connecting up a DPDT Switch

The circuit in figure 1 shows how to connect one DC motor to a DPDT switch.

Figure 1: Connecting up a DPDT switch

Connections A, B, and C form one pole of the switch and connections D, E, and F form the other.  Connections B and E are the 'common' connections for their respective poles.  Figure 2 shows figure 1 as a circuit diagram to illustrate this - note the dotted line between the switch actuators which shows that they are 'ganged' and therefore move together. 

Figure 2: DPDT reversing switch circuit

How it Works

If the positive power supply (Vs) enters at connection B, and the switch is set to the topmost position, connection A becomes positive and the motor will turn in one direction.

If the switch is set to the lowermost position, the power supply is reversed and connection D becomes positive.  The motor will turn in the opposite direction.

In the centre position, the power supply is not connected to the motor and it does not turn.

 Shopping List

Part
Description
  Quantity
Required
  Maplin
Code
  Unit
Price
  Total
Price
Sub-miniature DPDT Toggle Switch Locking   1   FH05F   2.59   2.59
Sub-miniature DPDT Toggle Switch Non-Locking   1   FH07H   2.59   2.59
Grand Total   5.18

Full printer-friendly parts list

Order the above items from Maplin via our Circuits Shop and help support the Electronics in Meccano website, without affecting the price you pay! Just click on an item for information about it and/or to add it to your Maplin order.

Orders can also be placed by telephoning Maplin on 0844 557 6000, or visiting their website at www.maplin.co.uk. Prices quoted are taken from the Winter 2013 Maplin catalogue and include VAT at 17.5%.

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Article Information
Topic: Controlling Motors | Created: 18/03/2002 | Last modified: 08/02/2007 | First published in EiM: Issue 1 (September 1998)

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